What Are Sesamoid Bones in the Foot?
One of the potential causes of foot pain in runners and and athletes is sesamoiditis. Sesamoiditis is inflammation of the sesamoid bones. 

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Gout in the Big Toe Joint

Gout is a condition that often affects the big toe joint causing redness, heat, swelling and extreme tenderness. A patient with gout will often say that they can’t fit into shoes because the foot hurts so bad. They can’t move the big toe without pain. Even a bed sheet resting on the foot can cause excruciating pain. So what is gout in the foot?

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Hallux Rigidus

In the simplest of terms, Hallux Rigidus is arthritis affecting the big toe joint.   It starts with a limitation of motion in the joint at the base of the big toe. Over time, the joint gets damaged and leads to degenerative joint disease (DJD) which is a kind of wear-and-tear arthritis. With hallux rigidus the big toe joint becomes progressively stiffer and more painful.

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Bunion Deformity

A bunion is a nothing more than a bump or enlargement of the bone and joint at the base of the big toe. This joint is called the first metatarsophalangeal joint (MPJ). A bunion forms when the joint becomes misaligned and the bone or soft tissues at the big toe joint start to move out of place. What happens is that the big toe starts to bend over toward the other toes. This causes the bone to stick out.

How a bunion develops by San Francisco Foot Surgeon 

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